Rolling.mean(numeric_only=False, engine=None, engine_kwargs=None)[source]#

Calculate the rolling mean.

numeric_onlybool, default False

Include only float, int, boolean columns.

Added in version 1.5.0.

enginestr, default None
  • 'cython' : Runs the operation through C-extensions from cython.

  • 'numba' : Runs the operation through JIT compiled code from numba.

  • None : Defaults to 'cython' or globally setting compute.use_numba

    Added in version 1.3.0.

engine_kwargsdict, default None
  • For 'cython' engine, there are no accepted engine_kwargs

  • For 'numba' engine, the engine can accept nopython, nogil and parallel dictionary keys. The values must either be True or False. The default engine_kwargs for the 'numba' engine is {'nopython': True, 'nogil': False, 'parallel': False}

    Added in version 1.3.0.

Series or DataFrame

Return type is the same as the original object with np.float64 dtype.

See also


Calling rolling with Series data.


Calling rolling with DataFrames.


Aggregating mean for Series.


Aggregating mean for DataFrame.


See Numba engine and Numba (JIT compilation) for extended documentation and performance considerations for the Numba engine.


The below examples will show rolling mean calculations with window sizes of two and three, respectively.

>>> s = pd.Series([1, 2, 3, 4])
>>> s.rolling(2).mean()
0    NaN
1    1.5
2    2.5
3    3.5
dtype: float64
>>> s.rolling(3).mean()
0    NaN
1    NaN
2    2.0
3    3.0
dtype: float64