Increasingly, packages are being built on top of pandas to address specific needs in data preparation, analysis and visualization. This is encouraging because it means pandas is not only helping users to handle their data tasks but also that it provides a better starting point for developers to build powerful and more focused data tools. The creation of libraries that complement pandas’ functionality also allows pandas development to remain focused around it’s original requirements.
This is an in-exhaustive list of projects that build on pandas in order to provide tools in the PyData space.
We’d like to make it easier for users to find these project, if you know of other substantial projects that you feel should be on this list, please let us know.
Statistics and Machine Learning¶
Statsmodels is the prominent python “statistics and econometrics library” and it has a long-standing special relationship with pandas. Statsmodels provides powerful statistics, econometrics, analysis and modeling functionality that is out of pandas’ scope. Statsmodels leverages pandas objects as the underlying data container for computation.
Bokeh is a Python interactive visualization library for large datasets that natively uses the latest web technologies. Its goal is to provide elegant, concise construction of novel graphics in the style of Protovis/D3, while delivering high-performance interactivity over large data to thin clients.
Hadley Wickham’s ggplot2 is a foundational exploratory visualization package for the R language. Based on “The Grammar of Graphics” it provides a powerful, declarative and extremely general way to generate bespoke plots of any kind of data. It’s really quite incredible. Various implementations to other languages are available, but a faithful implementation for python users has long been missing. Although still young (as of Jan-2014), the yhat/ggplot project has been progressing quickly in that direction.
Although pandas has quite a bit of “just plot it” functionality built-in, visualization and in particular statistical graphics is a vast field with a long tradition and lots of ground to cover. The Seaborn project builds on top of pandas and matplotlib to provide easy plotting of data which extends to more advanced types of plots then those offered by pandas.
The Vincent project leverages Vega (that in turn, leverages d3) to create plots. Although functional, as of Summer 2016 the Vincent project has not been updated in over two years and is unlikely to receive further updates.
Plotly’s Python API enables interactive figures and web shareability. Maps, 2D, 3D, and live-streaming graphs are rendered with WebGL and D3.js. The library supports plotting directly from a pandas DataFrame and cloud-based collaboration. Users of matplotlib, ggplot for Python, and Seaborn can convert figures into interactive web-based plots. Plots can be drawn in IPython Notebooks , edited with R or MATLAB, modified in a GUI, or embedded in apps and dashboards. Plotly is free for unlimited sharing, and has cloud, offline, or on-premise accounts for private use.
IPython is an interactive command shell and distributed computing
IPython Notebook is a web application for creating IPython notebooks.
An IPython notebook is a JSON document containing an ordered list
of input/output cells which can contain code, text, mathematics, plots
and rich media.
IPython notebooks can be converted to a number of open standard output formats
(HTML, HTML presentation slides, LaTeX, PDF, ReStructuredText, Markdown,
Python) through ‘Download As’ in the web interface and
in a shell.
Pandas DataFrames implement
which are utilized by IPython Notebook for displaying
(abbreviated) HTML tables. (Note: HTML tables may or may not be
compatible with non-HTML IPython output formats.)
qgrid is “an interactive grid for sorting and filtering DataFrames in IPython Notebook” built with SlickGrid.
pandas-datareader is a remote data access library for pandas.
pandas.io from pandas < 0.17.0 is now refactored/split-off to and importable from
pandas-datareader). Many/most of the supported APIs have at least a documentation paragraph in the pandas-datareader docs:
The following data feeds are available:
- Yahoo! Finance
- Google Finance
- World Bank
- EDGAR Index
Quandl API for Python wraps the Quandl REST API to return Pandas DataFrames with timeseries indexes.
PyDatastream is a Python interface to the Thomson Dataworks Enterprise (DWE/Datastream) SOAP API to return indexed Pandas DataFrames or Panels with financial data. This package requires valid credentials for this API (non free).
pandaSDMX is an extensible library to retrieve and acquire statistical data and metadata disseminated in SDMX 2.1. This standard is currently supported by the European statistics office (Eurostat) and the European Central Bank (ECB). Datasets may be returned as pandas Series or multi-indexed DataFrames.
fredapi is a Python interface to the Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED) provided by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. It works with both the FRED database and ALFRED database that contains point-in-time data (i.e. historic data revisions). fredapi provides a wrapper in python to the FRED HTTP API, and also provides several convenient methods for parsing and analyzing point-in-time data from ALFRED. fredapi makes use of pandas and returns data in a Series or DataFrame. This module requires a FRED API key that you can obtain for free on the FRED website.
Geopandas extends pandas data objects to include geographic information which support geometric operations. If your work entails maps and geographical coordinates, and you love pandas, you should take a close look at Geopandas.
xarray brings the labeled data power of pandas to the physical sciences by providing N-dimensional variants of the core pandas data structures. It aims to provide a pandas-like and pandas-compatible toolkit for analytics on multi- dimensional arrays, rather than the tabular data for which pandas excels.
Dask is a flexible parallel computing library for analytics. Dask
allow a familiar
DataFrame interface to out-of-core, parallel and distributed computing.
Blaze provides a standard API for doing computations with various in-memory and on-disk backends: NumPy, Pandas, SQLAlchemy, MongoDB, PyTables, PySpark.
Odo provides a uniform API for moving data between different formats. It uses
read_csv for CSV IO and leverages many existing packages such as
PyTables, h5py, and pymongo to move data between non pandas formats. Its graph
based approach is also extensible by end users for custom formats that may be
too specific for the core of odo.