pandas.cut(x, bins, right=True, labels=None, retbins=False, precision=3, include_lowest=False)

Return indices of half-open bins to which each value of x belongs.


x : array-like

Input array to be binned. It has to be 1-dimensional.

bins : int or sequence of scalars

If bins is an int, it defines the number of equal-width bins in the range of x. However, in this case, the range of x is extended by .1% on each side to include the min or max values of x. If bins is a sequence it defines the bin edges allowing for non-uniform bin width. No extension of the range of x is done in this case.

right : bool, optional

Indicates whether the bins include the rightmost edge or not. If right == True (the default), then the bins [1,2,3,4] indicate (1,2], (2,3], (3,4].

labels : array or boolean, default None

Used as labels for the resulting bins. Must be of the same length as the resulting bins. If False, return only integer indicators of the bins.

retbins : bool, optional

Whether to return the bins or not. Can be useful if bins is given as a scalar.

precision : int

The precision at which to store and display the bins labels

include_lowest : bool

Whether the first interval should be left-inclusive or not.


out : Categorical or Series or array of integers if labels is False

The return type (Categorical or Series) depends on the input: a Series of type category if input is a Series else Categorical. Bins are represented as categories when categorical data is returned.

bins : ndarray of floats

Returned only if retbins is True.


The cut function can be useful for going from a continuous variable to a categorical variable. For example, cut could convert ages to groups of age ranges.

Any NA values will be NA in the result. Out of bounds values will be NA in the resulting Categorical object


>>> pd.cut(np.array([.2, 1.4, 2.5, 6.2, 9.7, 2.1]), 3, retbins=True)
([(0.191, 3.367], (0.191, 3.367], (0.191, 3.367], (3.367, 6.533], (6.533, 9.7], (0.191, 3.367]]
Categories (3, object): [(0.191, 3.367] < (3.367, 6.533] < (6.533, 9.7]],
array([ 0.1905    ,  3.36666667,  6.53333333,  9.7       ]))
>>> pd.cut(np.array([.2, 1.4, 2.5, 6.2, 9.7, 2.1]), 3, labels=["good","medium","bad"])
[good, good, good, medium, bad, good]
Categories (3, object): [good < medium < bad]
>>> pd.cut(np.ones(5), 4, labels=False)
array([1, 1, 1, 1, 1], dtype=int64)