Series.str.split(pat=None, n=-1, expand=False)[source]

Split strings around given separator/delimiter.

Splits the string in the Series/Index from the beginning, at the specified delimiter string. Equivalent to str.split().

pat : str, optional

String or regular expression to split on. If not specified, split on whitespace.

n : int, default -1 (all)

Limit number of splits in output. None, 0 and -1 will be interpreted as return all splits.

expand : bool, default False

Expand the splitted strings into separate columns.

  • If True, return DataFrame/MultiIndex expanding dimensionality.
  • If False, return Series/Index, containing lists of strings.
Series, Index, DataFrame or MultiIndex

Type matches caller unless expand=True (see Notes).

See also

Split strings around given separator/delimiter.
Splits string around given separator/delimiter, starting from the right.
Join lists contained as elements in the Series/Index with passed delimiter.
Standard library version for split.
Standard library version for rsplit.


The handling of the n keyword depends on the number of found splits:

  • If found splits > n, make first n splits only
  • If found splits <= n, make all splits
  • If for a certain row the number of found splits < n, append None for padding up to n if expand=True

If using expand=True, Series and Index callers return DataFrame and MultiIndex objects, respectively.


>>> s = pd.Series(["this is a regular sentence",
"", np.nan])

In the default setting, the string is split by whitespace.

>>> s.str.split()
0                   [this, is, a, regular, sentence]
1    []
2                                                NaN
dtype: object

Without the n parameter, the outputs of rsplit and split are identical.

>>> s.str.rsplit()
0                   [this, is, a, regular, sentence]
1    []
2                                                NaN
dtype: object

The n parameter can be used to limit the number of splits on the delimiter. The outputs of split and rsplit are different.

>>> s.str.split(n=2)
0                     [this, is, a regular sentence]
1    []
2                                                NaN
dtype: object
>>> s.str.rsplit(n=2)
0                     [this is a, regular, sentence]
1    []
2                                                NaN
dtype: object

The pat parameter can be used to split by other characters.

>>> s.str.split(pat = "/")
0                         [this is a regular sentence]
1    [https:, ,, 3, tutorial, index...
2                                                  NaN
dtype: object

When using expand=True, the split elements will expand out into separate columns. If NaN is present, it is propagated throughout the columns during the split.

>>> s.str.split(expand=True)
                                               0     1     2        3
0                                           this    is     a  regular
1  None  None     None
2                                            NaN   NaN   NaN      NaN 
0     sentence
1         None
2          NaN

For slightly more complex use cases like splitting the html document name from a url, a combination of parameter settings can be used.

>>> s.str.rsplit("/", n=1, expand=True)
                                    0           1
0          this is a regular sentence        None
1  index.html
2                                 NaN         NaN
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