DataFrame.to_csv(self, path_or_buf=None, sep=', ', na_rep='', float_format=None, columns=None, header=True, index=True, index_label=None, mode='w', encoding=None, compression='infer', quoting=None, quotechar='"', line_terminator=None, chunksize=None, date_format=None, doublequote=True, escapechar=None, decimal='.')[source]

Write object to a comma-separated values (csv) file.

Changed in version 0.24.0: The order of arguments for Series was changed.

path_or_buf : str or file handle, default None

File path or object, if None is provided the result is returned as a string. If a file object is passed it should be opened with newline=’’, disabling universal newlines.

Changed in version 0.24.0: Was previously named “path” for Series.

sep : str, default ‘,’

String of length 1. Field delimiter for the output file.

na_rep : str, default ‘’

Missing data representation.

float_format : str, default None

Format string for floating point numbers.

columns : sequence, optional

Columns to write.

header : bool or list of str, default True

Write out the column names. If a list of strings is given it is assumed to be aliases for the column names.

Changed in version 0.24.0: Previously defaulted to False for Series.

index : bool, default True

Write row names (index).

index_label : str or sequence, or False, default None

Column label for index column(s) if desired. If None is given, and header and index are True, then the index names are used. A sequence should be given if the object uses MultiIndex. If False do not print fields for index names. Use index_label=False for easier importing in R.

mode : str

Python write mode, default ‘w’.

encoding : str, optional

A string representing the encoding to use in the output file, defaults to ‘utf-8’.

compression : str, default ‘infer’

Compression mode among the following possible values: {‘infer’, ‘gzip’, ‘bz2’, ‘zip’, ‘xz’, None}. If ‘infer’ and path_or_buf is path-like, then detect compression from the following extensions: ‘.gz’, ‘.bz2’, ‘.zip’ or ‘.xz’. (otherwise no compression).

Changed in version 0.24.0: ‘infer’ option added and set to default.

quoting : optional constant from csv module

Defaults to csv.QUOTE_MINIMAL. If you have set a float_format then floats are converted to strings and thus csv.QUOTE_NONNUMERIC will treat them as non-numeric.

quotechar : str, default ‘”’

String of length 1. Character used to quote fields.

line_terminator : str, optional

The newline character or character sequence to use in the output file. Defaults to os.linesep, which depends on the OS in which this method is called (‘n’ for linux, ‘rn’ for Windows, i.e.).

Changed in version 0.24.0.

chunksize : int or None

Rows to write at a time.

date_format : str, default None

Format string for datetime objects.

doublequote : bool, default True

Control quoting of quotechar inside a field.

escapechar : str, default None

String of length 1. Character used to escape sep and quotechar when appropriate.

decimal : str, default ‘.’

Character recognized as decimal separator. E.g. use ‘,’ for European data.

None or str

If path_or_buf is None, returns the resulting csv format as a string. Otherwise returns None.

See also

Load a CSV file into a DataFrame.
Write DataFrame to an Excel file.


>>> df = pd.DataFrame({'name': ['Raphael', 'Donatello'],
...                    'mask': ['red', 'purple'],
...                    'weapon': ['sai', 'bo staff']})
>>> df.to_csv(index=False)
'name,mask,weapon\nRaphael,red,sai\nDonatello,purple,bo staff\n'
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