classmethod DataFrame.from_dict(data, orient='columns', dtype=None, columns=None)[source]

Construct DataFrame from dict of array-like or dicts.

Creates DataFrame object from dictionary by columns or by index allowing dtype specification.


Of the form {field : array-like} or {field : dict}.

orient{‘columns’, ‘index’}, default ‘columns’

The “orientation” of the data. If the keys of the passed dict should be the columns of the resulting DataFrame, pass ‘columns’ (default). Otherwise if the keys should be rows, pass ‘index’.

dtypedtype, default None

Data type to force, otherwise infer.

columnslist, default None

Column labels to use when orient='index'. Raises a ValueError if used with orient='columns'.


See also


DataFrame from structured ndarray, sequence of tuples or dicts, or DataFrame.


DataFrame object creation using constructor.


By default the keys of the dict become the DataFrame columns:

>>> data = {'col_1': [3, 2, 1, 0], 'col_2': ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd']}
>>> pd.DataFrame.from_dict(data)
   col_1 col_2
0      3     a
1      2     b
2      1     c
3      0     d

Specify orient='index' to create the DataFrame using dictionary keys as rows:

>>> data = {'row_1': [3, 2, 1, 0], 'row_2': ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd']}
>>> pd.DataFrame.from_dict(data, orient='index')
       0  1  2  3
row_1  3  2  1  0
row_2  a  b  c  d

When using the ‘index’ orientation, the column names can be specified manually:

>>> pd.DataFrame.from_dict(data, orient='index',
...                        columns=['A', 'B', 'C', 'D'])
       A  B  C  D
row_1  3  2  1  0
row_2  a  b  c  d