DataFrame.sort_index(axis=0, level=None, ascending=True, inplace=False, kind='quicksort', na_position='last', sort_remaining=True, ignore_index=False, key=None)[source]

Sort object by labels (along an axis).

Returns a new DataFrame sorted by label if inplace argument is False, otherwise updates the original DataFrame and returns None.

axis{0 or ‘index’, 1 or ‘columns’}, default 0

The axis along which to sort. The value 0 identifies the rows, and 1 identifies the columns.

levelint or level name or list of ints or list of level names

If not None, sort on values in specified index level(s).

ascendingbool or list-like of bools, default True

Sort ascending vs. descending. When the index is a MultiIndex the sort direction can be controlled for each level individually.

inplacebool, default False

If True, perform operation in-place.

kind{‘quicksort’, ‘mergesort’, ‘heapsort’}, default ‘quicksort’

Choice of sorting algorithm. See also for more information. mergesort is the only stable algorithm. For DataFrames, this option is only applied when sorting on a single column or label.

na_position{‘first’, ‘last’}, default ‘last’

Puts NaNs at the beginning if first; last puts NaNs at the end. Not implemented for MultiIndex.

sort_remainingbool, default True

If True and sorting by level and index is multilevel, sort by other levels too (in order) after sorting by specified level.

ignore_indexbool, default False

If True, the resulting axis will be labeled 0, 1, …, n - 1.

New in version 1.0.0.

keycallable, optional

If not None, apply the key function to the index values before sorting. This is similar to the key argument in the builtin sorted() function, with the notable difference that this key function should be vectorized. It should expect an Index and return an Index of the same shape. For MultiIndex inputs, the key is applied per level.

New in version 1.1.0.

DataFrame or None

The original DataFrame sorted by the labels or None if inplace=True.

See also


Sort Series by the index.


Sort DataFrame by the value.


Sort Series by the value.


>>> df = pd.DataFrame([1, 2, 3, 4, 5], index=[100, 29, 234, 1, 150],
...                   columns=['A'])
>>> df.sort_index()
1    4
29   2
100  1
150  5
234  3

By default, it sorts in ascending order, to sort in descending order, use ascending=False

>>> df.sort_index(ascending=False)
234  3
150  5
100  1
29   2
1    4

A key function can be specified which is applied to the index before sorting. For a MultiIndex this is applied to each level separately.

>>> df = pd.DataFrame({"a": [1, 2, 3, 4]}, index=['A', 'b', 'C', 'd'])
>>> df.sort_index(key=lambda x: x.str.lower())
A  1
b  2
C  3
d  4