pandas code style guide¶
Table of contents:
pandas follows the PEP8
standard and uses Black
and Flake8 to ensure a
consistent code format throughout the project. We encourage you to use
pre-commit to automatically run
isort, and related code checks when you make a git commit.
We use a
flake8 plugin, pandas-dev-flaker, to
check our codebase for unwanted patterns. See its
README for the up-to-date list of rules we enforce.
See https://docs.pytest.org/en/latest/how-to/skipping.html for background.
Do not use
Do not use this method. It has the same behavior as
it immediately stops the test and does not check if the test will fail. If
this is the behavior you desire, use
Use this method if a test is known to fail but the manner in which it fails
is not meant to be captured. It is common to use this method for a test that
exhibits buggy behavior or a non-implemented feature. If
the failing test has flaky behavior, use the argument
will make it so pytest does not fail if the test happens to pass.
Prefer the decorator
@pytest.mark.xfail and the argument
over usage within a test so that the test is appropriately marked during the
collection phase of pytest. For xfailing a test that involves multiple
parameters, a fixture, or a combination of these, it is only possible to
xfail during the testing phase. To do so, use the
import pytest def test_xfail(request): mark = pytest.mark.xfail(raises=TypeError, reason="Indicate why here") request.node.add_marker(mark)
xfail is not to be used for tests involving failure due to invalid user arguments.
For these tests, we need to verify the correct exception type and error message
is being raised, using
Reading from a url¶
from pandas.io.common import urlopen with urlopen("http://www.google.com") as url: raw_text = url.read()