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DataFrame.subtract(other, axis='columns', level=None, fill_value=None)[source]

Subtraction of dataframe and other, element-wise (binary operator sub).

Equivalent to dataframe - other, but with support to substitute a fill_value for missing data in one of the inputs.

other : Series, DataFrame, or constant

axis : {0, 1, ‘index’, ‘columns’}

For Series input, axis to match Series index on

level : int or name

Broadcast across a level, matching Index values on the passed MultiIndex level

fill_value : None or float value, default None

Fill existing missing (NaN) values, and any new element needed for successful DataFrame alignment, with this value before computation. If data in both corresponding DataFrame locations is missing the result will be missing

result : DataFrame

See also



Mismatched indices will be unioned together


>>> a = pd.DataFrame([2, 1, 1, np.nan], index=['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'],
...                  columns=['one'])
>>> a
a  2.0
b  1.0
c  1.0
d  NaN
>>> b = pd.DataFrame(dict(one=[1, np.nan, 1, np.nan],
...                       two=[3, 2, np.nan, 2]),
...                  index=['a', 'b', 'd', 'e'])
>>> b
   one  two
a  1.0  3.0
b  NaN  2.0
d  1.0  NaN
e  NaN  2.0
>>> a.sub(b, fill_value=0)
   one  two
a  1.0  -3.0
b  1.0  -2.0
c  1.0  NaN
d  -1.0  NaN
e  NaN  -2.0
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