DataFrame.to_latex(self, buf=None, columns=None, col_space=None, header=True, index=True, na_rep='NaN', formatters=None, float_format=None, sparsify=None, index_names=True, bold_rows=False, column_format=None, longtable=None, escape=None, encoding=None, decimal='.', multicolumn=None, multicolumn_format=None, multirow=None)[source]

Render an object to a LaTeX tabular environment table.

Render an object to a tabular environment table. You can splice this into a LaTeX document. Requires usepackage{booktabs}.

Changed in version 0.20.2: Added to Series

buf : file descriptor or None

Buffer to write to. If None, the output is returned as a string.

columns : list of label, optional

The subset of columns to write. Writes all columns by default.

col_space : int, optional

The minimum width of each column.

header : bool or list of str, default True

Write out the column names. If a list of strings is given, it is assumed to be aliases for the column names.

index : bool, default True

Write row names (index).

na_rep : str, default ‘NaN’

Missing data representation.

formatters : list of functions or dict of {str: function}, optional

Formatter functions to apply to columns’ elements by position or name. The result of each function must be a unicode string. List must be of length equal to the number of columns.

float_format : one-parameter function or str, optional, default None

Formatter for floating point numbers. For example float_format="%%.2f" and float_format="{:0.2f}".format will both result in 0.1234 being formatted as 0.12.

sparsify : bool, optional

Set to False for a DataFrame with a hierarchical index to print every multiindex key at each row. By default, the value will be read from the config module.

index_names : bool, default True

Prints the names of the indexes.

bold_rows : bool, default False

Make the row labels bold in the output.

column_format : str, optional

The columns format as specified in LaTeX table format e.g. ‘rcl’ for 3 columns. By default, ‘l’ will be used for all columns except columns of numbers, which default to ‘r’.

longtable : bool, optional

By default, the value will be read from the pandas config module. Use a longtable environment instead of tabular. Requires adding a usepackage{longtable} to your LaTeX preamble.

escape : bool, optional

By default, the value will be read from the pandas config module. When set to False prevents from escaping latex special characters in column names.

encoding : str, optional

A string representing the encoding to use in the output file, defaults to ‘utf-8’.

decimal : str, default ‘.’

Character recognized as decimal separator, e.g. ‘,’ in Europe.

New in version 0.18.0.

multicolumn : bool, default True

Use multicolumn to enhance MultiIndex columns. The default will be read from the config module.

New in version 0.20.0.

multicolumn_format : str, default ‘l’

The alignment for multicolumns, similar to column_format The default will be read from the config module.

New in version 0.20.0.

multirow : bool, default False

Use multirow to enhance MultiIndex rows. Requires adding a usepackage{multirow} to your LaTeX preamble. Will print centered labels (instead of top-aligned) across the contained rows, separating groups via clines. The default will be read from the pandas config module.

New in version 0.20.0.

str or None

If buf is None, returns the resulting LateX format as a string. Otherwise returns None.

See also

Render a DataFrame to a console-friendly tabular output.
Render a DataFrame as an HTML table.


>>> df = pd.DataFrame({'name': ['Raphael', 'Donatello'],
...                    'mask': ['red', 'purple'],
...                    'weapon': ['sai', 'bo staff']})
>>> df.to_latex(index=False) # doctest: +NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE
'\\begin{tabular}{lll}\n\\toprule\n      name &    mask &    weapon
\\\\\n\\midrule\n   Raphael &     red &       sai \\\\\n Donatello &
 purple &  bo staff \\\\\n\\bottomrule\n\\end{tabular}\n'
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