DataFrame.filter(items=None, like=None, regex=None, axis=None)[source]

Subset the dataframe rows or columns according to the specified index labels.

Note that this routine does not filter a dataframe on its contents. The filter is applied to the labels of the index.


Keep labels from axis which are in items.


Keep labels from axis for which “like in label == True”.

regexstr (regular expression)

Keep labels from axis for which, label) == True.

axis{0 or ‘index’, 1 or ‘columns’, None}, default None

The axis to filter on, expressed either as an index (int) or axis name (str). By default this is the info axis, ‘index’ for Series, ‘columns’ for DataFrame.

same type as input object

See also


Access a group of rows and columns by label(s) or a boolean array.


The items, like, and regex parameters are enforced to be mutually exclusive.

axis defaults to the info axis that is used when indexing with [].


>>> df = pd.DataFrame(np.array(([1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6])),
...                   index=['mouse', 'rabbit'],
...                   columns=['one', 'two', 'three'])
>>> df
        one  two  three
mouse     1    2      3
rabbit    4    5      6
>>> # select columns by name
>>> df.filter(items=['one', 'three'])
         one  three
mouse     1      3
rabbit    4      6
>>> # select columns by regular expression
>>> df.filter(regex='e$', axis=1)
         one  three
mouse     1      3
rabbit    4      6
>>> # select rows containing 'bbi'
>>> df.filter(like='bbi', axis=0)
         one  two  three
rabbit    4    5      6