pandas.arrays.SparseArray

class pandas.arrays.SparseArray(data, sparse_index=None, index=None, fill_value=None, kind='integer', dtype=None, copy=False)[source]

An ExtensionArray for storing sparse data.

Parameters
dataarray-like or scalar

A dense array of values to store in the SparseArray. This may contain fill_value.

sparse_indexSparseIndex, optional
indexIndex

Deprecated since version 1.4.0: Use a function like np.full to construct an array with the desired repeats of the scalar value instead.

fill_valuescalar, optional

Elements in data that are fill_value are not stored in the SparseArray. For memory savings, this should be the most common value in data. By default, fill_value depends on the dtype of data:

data.dtype

na_value

float

np.nan

int

0

bool

False

datetime64

pd.NaT

timedelta64

pd.NaT

The fill value is potentially specified in three ways. In order of precedence, these are

  1. The fill_value argument

  2. dtype.fill_value if fill_value is None and dtype is a SparseDtype

  3. data.dtype.fill_value if fill_value is None and dtype is not a SparseDtype and data is a SparseArray.

kind{‘integer’, ‘block’}, default ‘integer’

The type of storage for sparse locations.

  • ‘block’: Stores a block and block_length for each contiguous span of sparse values. This is best when sparse data tends to be clumped together, with large regions of fill-value values between sparse values.

  • ‘integer’: uses an integer to store the location of each sparse value.

dtypenp.dtype or SparseDtype, optional

The dtype to use for the SparseArray. For numpy dtypes, this determines the dtype of self.sp_values. For SparseDtype, this determines self.sp_values and self.fill_value.

copybool, default False

Whether to explicitly copy the incoming data array.

Examples

>>> from pandas.arrays import SparseArray
>>> arr = SparseArray([0, 0, 1, 2])
>>> arr
[0, 0, 1, 2]
Fill: 0
IntIndex
Indices: array([2, 3], dtype=int32)

Attributes

None

Methods

None