pandas.Series.sum

Series.sum(axis=None, skipna=True, level=None, numeric_only=None, min_count=0, **kwargs)[source]

Return the sum of the values over the requested axis.

This is equivalent to the method numpy.sum.

Parameters
axis{index (0)}

Axis for the function to be applied on. For Series this parameter is unused and defaults to 0.

skipnabool, default True

Exclude NA/null values when computing the result.

levelint or level name, default None

If the axis is a MultiIndex (hierarchical), count along a particular level, collapsing into a scalar.

numeric_onlybool, default None

Include only float, int, boolean columns. If None, will attempt to use everything, then use only numeric data. Not implemented for Series.

Deprecated since version 1.5.0: Specifying numeric_only=None is deprecated. The default value will be False in a future version of pandas.

min_countint, default 0

The required number of valid values to perform the operation. If fewer than min_count non-NA values are present the result will be NA.

**kwargs

Additional keyword arguments to be passed to the function.

Returns
scalar or Series (if level specified)

See also

Series.sum

Return the sum.

Series.min

Return the minimum.

Series.max

Return the maximum.

Series.idxmin

Return the index of the minimum.

Series.idxmax

Return the index of the maximum.

DataFrame.sum

Return the sum over the requested axis.

DataFrame.min

Return the minimum over the requested axis.

DataFrame.max

Return the maximum over the requested axis.

DataFrame.idxmin

Return the index of the minimum over the requested axis.

DataFrame.idxmax

Return the index of the maximum over the requested axis.

Examples

>>> idx = pd.MultiIndex.from_arrays([
...     ['warm', 'warm', 'cold', 'cold'],
...     ['dog', 'falcon', 'fish', 'spider']],
...     names=['blooded', 'animal'])
>>> s = pd.Series([4, 2, 0, 8], name='legs', index=idx)
>>> s
blooded  animal
warm     dog       4
         falcon    2
cold     fish      0
         spider    8
Name: legs, dtype: int64
>>> s.sum()
14

By default, the sum of an empty or all-NA Series is 0.

>>> pd.Series([], dtype="float64").sum()  # min_count=0 is the default
0.0

This can be controlled with the min_count parameter. For example, if you’d like the sum of an empty series to be NaN, pass min_count=1.

>>> pd.Series([], dtype="float64").sum(min_count=1)
nan

Thanks to the skipna parameter, min_count handles all-NA and empty series identically.

>>> pd.Series([np.nan]).sum()
0.0
>>> pd.Series([np.nan]).sum(min_count=1)
nan